• يوم 20-07-2017 , س 23:47:49 pm
• أهلا, زائر. الرجاء الدخول أو التسجيل
المنتديات التعليمية

المحرر موضوع: India court splits holy site between religions  (زيارة 1235 مرات)

0 الأعضاء و 1 ضيف يشاهدون هذا الموضوع.

غير متصل admin

  • المدير
  • عضو مميز
  • *****
  • مشاركة: 1177
India court splits holy site between religions
« في: يوم 01-10-2010 , س 02:08:51 am »
Court rules to divide India land in centuries-old dispute
India court splits holy site between religions



An Indian court ruled Thursday that a disputed holy site in Ayodhya with a history of triggering Hindu-Muslim clashes should be divided -- in a judgment seen as favoring the Hindu litigants.

"All three sets of parties, i.e. Muslims, Hindus and (Hindu religious organization) Nirmhoi Akhara are declared joint holders of the property in dispute," Justice S.U. Khan said in a ruling at the Allahabad High Court.

Several of the claimants in the case immediately said they would appeal the judgment to the Supreme Court, meaning the already 60-year dispute will continue in India's notoriously slow justice system.
Top

Police and paramilitary forces deployed

Hundreds of thousands of police and paramilitary forces have been deployed across the country to prevent a repeat of violence in 1992 when Hindu zealots tore down a mosque on the plot, sparking unrest that left 2,000 dead.

According to the ruling, the site in the northern pilgrimage town would be split, with one third going to Muslims and the rest to Hindus, including a spot in the centre where they plan to build a temple to their god Ram.

With just days before the Commonwealth Games begin in New Delhi on Sunday, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh appealed for calm and reminded the country that the judgment would be reviewed at the Supreme Court.

"The correct conclusion, at this stage, is that the status quo will be maintained until the cases are taken up by the Supreme Court," he said in a statement.

Reflecting anxiety about the potential for violence, the government issued calls for restraint ahead of the verdict and placed advertisements in newspapers urging respect for the rule of law.

The sale of alcohol has been suspended in many areas of the country and some offices and schools shut or opened for only shortened days.
Top

Mixture of all religions

The vast country of 1.2 billion people is home to all of the world's major religions and the Ayodhya case is seen as a test of its political maturity and the ability of its many communities to live in harmony.

Religious groups co-exist for the most part peacefully, forming an essential part of the nation's image as a fast-modernizing multi-racial society capable of coping with its diversity.

The opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which fanned the Ayodhya issue into a national flashpoint, interpreted the ruling as a victory in its campaign to build a temple to Ram where the mosque once stood.

"The Allahabad High Court verdict is a significant step towards building of a grand temple," top BJP leader and former prime minister L.K. Advani told reporters after a party meeting.

But many Muslims reacted with dismay.

Syed Ahmed Bukhari, the chief cleric in New Delhi's main Jama Masjid mosque, denounced the judgment, saying the court had ruled "on the basis of blind faith and not by evidence and documentation provided to the judges."

"We are definitely not happy with the ruling," he told AFP. "We are not giving up our claim (to rebuild) the Babri mosque," he said in New Delhi.

Asaduddin Owaisi, a Muslim member of parliament, told AFP that "there is anger building up among the Muslim community over the verdict but, god willing, it may not translate into street violence."
Top

Hindu-Muslim violence

Ever since the destruction of the mosque 18 years ago the site has been cordoned off with barbed wire and steel fencing and guarded by troops.

Some Hindus in Ayodhya lit lamps and distributed sweets to celebrate, but tens of thousands of police patrolled streets and prevented any public gatherings that could inflame tensions.

In the northwestern town of Amritsar, in Sikh-majority Punjab, some Hindus let off fire crackers.

India has avoided any major outbreak of Hindu-Muslim violence since riots in the western state of Gujarat in 2002 and Home Minister P. Chidambaram had expressed his belief Wednesday that the country had changed.

"India has moved on. Young people have moved on," he told a press conference, issuing another appeal for calm.

Respected constitutional lawyer Rajeev Dhawan said he was disappointed with the ruling and felt the court had shirked its primary responsibility of discerning ownership of the site.

"If you seek to divide property, you should at least first find out who owns it," Dhawan told the NDTV news network.

"This judgment seems to be a judgment where the court has done what it was not supposed to do and said 'We can't answer this question. So we must split it three ways'."


via : alarabiya.net